This summary paper provides an overview of ongoing comparative research as well as references for data sets and more detailed discussion of archaeofauna from these two island communities. This island was one of the last places on Earth settled by people and there are conflicting ideas about the pace and scale of initial colonisation. The data summarised here for the first time indicate that it will be possible to reconstruct the tempo and development of the colonisation process in decadal resolution by more systematically utilising the dating potential of tephrochronology Management of Zooarchaeological data became a growing problem during the career of Brian Hesse and his early engagement with attempts to digitize recording systems needs recognition. To view the articles in this special issue, go to JONA's website. Frédéric Dussault, Véronique Forbes, and Allison Bain (2014) Archaeoentomology at Tatsip Ataa: Evidence for the Use of Local Resources and Daily Life in the Norse Eastern Settlement, Greenland. Perre (2014) Lake Sediments as an Archive of Land Use and Environmental Change in the Eastern Settlement, Southwestern Greenland.
Three tephra layers, the Landnam (‘landtaking’)tephra layer (A. This paper presents an account of attempts to respond to problems identified by Brian in the 1970’s, extending through multiple levels of technology and responding to the increasing volume and importance of zooarchaeological data in the past four decades. Coutu, Konrad Smiarowski, Ramona Harrison, Christian K. Barrett (2014) Finding Vikings with Isotope Analysis: The View from Wet and Windy Islands. Antoon Kuijpers, Naja Mikkelsen, Sofia Ribeiro, and Marit-Solveig Seidenkrantz Impact of Medieval Fjord Hydrography and Climate on the Western and Eastern Settlements in Norse Greenland. The Comparative Island Ecodynamics in the North Atlantic Project (CIE) seeks to improve scientific understanding of complex interactions between human governance, climate change, human environmental impact, and world system effects on the diverging fates of two closely related Scandinavian communities in Greenland and Iceland.
A boy (6) with a pendant and bead was discovered in 1991, whilst a further five burials were uncovered in 1994: two unaccompanied males (35-45 and 40 ); a female (35-45) buried with a bone pin and iron plate; an infant (6-9 months) was buried with an amber bead and bone pin; and another infant (at or close to birth) was buried with a rivet-head. Cowie, 1987, ‘A Viking burial from Kneep, Uig, Isle of Lewis’, 32: 64-66. As with most of the beach burials the site is to one side of the beach and bay, rather than being central.
Today, many different radioactive elements have been used, but the most famous absolute dating method is radiocarbon dating, which uses the isotope C.
This isotope, which can be found in organic materials and can be used only to date organic materials, has been incorrectly used by many to make dating assumptions for non-organic material such as stone buildings.
Isotope analysis of all of the burials suggests that none of them had spent their childhoods in Scandinavia – some were local and some had lived elsewhere in Britain and Ireland. GPS: N 57° 51.631, W 006° 59.511 NGR: NG 04000 96587 Currently the best description of this burial is at (Canmore ID 335605) century-type oval brooches, an iron weaving sword/batten, comb, ringed pin, bronze needle case, penannular brooch, drinking horn, and a knife.
The burials were within 20m of a Bronze Age cairn which was visible during the Viking Age, possibly just as a sandy mound. Although the name ‘Ardvonrig’ may refer to anywhere on the peninsula the association with a standing stones means that the burial must have been at or near one of the two existing standing stones, probably the one which is now laying down which is approximately 240cm long, roughly matching the description of the one in the original report (as outlined in my article listed below).
Around 60 Viking graves were found in the Kilmainham-Islandbridge area of Dublin between the late 18th century and 1934, though many earlier discoveries were poorly recorded.
Most date from between 841 AD, when the Vikings established their first or naval encampment, to 902 AD when the ruling Norse dynasty was expelled from the city. In 2004, a Viking sword and spearhead were unearthed in the War Memorial Park.
The Irish Viking Graves Project has, since 1999, been compiling its comprehensive and accurate catalogue of all finds associated with Irish Viking Graves and Grave-Goods.
The publication will represent the most important work on the subject for over a century.
b) Absolute These methods are based on calculating the date of artefacts in a more precise way using different attributes of materials.