The murder of Abel in the Koran is borrowed from the Bible, but the conversation of Cain with Abel before Cain kills him is taken from the Targum of Jerusalem, generally known as pseudo-Jonathan.In the Koran, after the murder God sent a raven that scratched the earth to show Cain how to bury Abel.... Those ignorantly depicted Targum of "Jonathan-ben-Uzziah" and Targum of Jerusalem as two different books.The Babylonian Talmud has the earliest report of the authorship and date of Targum Onkelos. Hananel who had it from Rab: What is meant by the text, “And they read in the book, in the law of God, with an interpretation, and they gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading” (Nehemiah 8:8)?
This book analyzes Targum Pseudo-Jonathan’s unique aspects among Palestinian targums: namely, its expansions that find no targumic parallels.
It constitutes a source analysis, which focuses upon PJ’s predominant source: PJu.
First, the mostly literal Targum Onqelos was composed during the 1st or 2nd century , combining literal translation with much additional material.
Targum Neofiti and the fragments of more than forty other versions (none exactly the same) indicate its widespread use.
CE Eretz Israel but tradited and studied primarily in Babylonia).
It is generally quite literal in its translation, but expansive in the poetic sections.
This source, when viewed apart from the rest of the targum, exhibits overwhelming interest in and attention to the Priesthood, in all of its aspects.
The book examines PJu's treatment of The Cosmic Importance of the Inherited Role, Required Behavior, Ritual Matters and Economics of the Sacrificial System.
Targums enabled Jews to understand the Hebrew Bible in their study and worship, where weekly Hebrew Bible readings were accompanied by Aramaic translation, probably provided by the written Targums we now posses.